A utilitarian approach of punishment in the philippine context _____ a review of related literature presented to the college of law school of law and governance university of san carlos cebu city, philippines _____ for final requirements in philosophy of law _____ by bea b suan llb 1 – eh 407 mc review of related literature this paper presents the review of the literature focusing on. Retributive justice on the other hand delivers only that punishment which is due, in proportion to the criminal offence committed rather than the forward-looking nature of the utilitarian theories, retributive justice looks only backwards. Justifications for punishment include retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and incapacitation the last could include such measures as isolation, in order to prevent the wrongdoer's having contact with potential victims, or the removal of a hand in order to make theft more difficult. This claim is not utilitarian in nature as it does not exclude any retributive theories for example, a very respectable strand of retributive thought states that a person by committing an offence has gained an unfair advantage, and that the punishment's point is to take away this advantage.
Consistent with a retributive philosophy, punishment under these sentenc- solely on the nature of the offense (eg, mandatory sentences for drug traf- aprimary utilitarian purpose for punishment involves various actions de. The concept of punishment—its definition—and its practical application and justification during the past half-century have shown a marked drift away from efforts to reform and rehabilitate offenders in favor of retribution and incarceration. Retributive justice is a perspective that focuses on punishment for offenders, while restorative justice focuses on the relationship between the offender and the victim. Kant's theory of punishment - volume 15 issue 2 - thom brooks i will argue there are very different senses in which kant discusses punishment he endorses retribution for moral law transgressions and consequentialist considerations for positive law violations my ‘ utilitarianism, capital punishment, and innocent persons: a defense of.
The retributive goal of punishment is misconstrued as a self-assertive act of vengeance the cynicism which cardinal dulles describes is a real and grave difficulty in general, our ruling class no longer believes in those divine decrees of which human decrees are but a hint or shadow, and neither does a large and growing part of the population. 3 1 understand the definition of punishment be able to articulate the retributive and utilitarian rationales for punishment understand the social contract and how it supports the right of society to punish distinguish between incapacitation and punishment understand the restorative justice philosophy the rationale for imprisonment joycelyn m pollock. If free will beliefs support attributions of moral responsibility, then reducing these beliefs should make people less retributive in their attitudes about punishment. Utilitarianism, as the name suggests and tells, covers all theories that justify the evil of punishment only when that punishment has some utility it is therefore forward looking, and consequentialist in nature [baker, 1971:69], as it holds the belief that, ultimately, the only morally significant features of an act are the good and bad.
Does (posner, 1980) on the one side of the coin, the utilitarian theory of punishment stays, on the philosophical discussion on the retributive prisons and the nature of contested penal. Ment, the utilitarian's position opens the door to injustice, for the ends of society may be perfectly well served by the punishment of the innocent instead of, or in addition to, the guilty. Two basic goals of punishment—retribution and utility—and the means to those goals, including isolation, rehabilitation, and the creation of fear, were first examined the objectives of punishment were then related to attributions regarding the cause of a transgression it was documented that. Retributive punishment sends out a message the idea of punishment as a form of denunciation of the criminal and his act by the society has been envisioned by scholars like morris, hampton and sir sir james stephen put the message in the words as.
Utilitarian and retributive considerations have been adduced in support of one of the most contentious implementations of legal punishment: the death sentence dating as far back as the eighteenth century bc in the code of king hammurabi of. The retributive theory of punishment for biographical information on kant, see his reading in chapter 1 on kant's retributive theory of punishment, punishment is not justified by any good results, but simply by the criminal's guilt. The classic utilitarian account of punishment is jeremy bentham, an introduc- rev 1193 (1985) for a review and discussion of modem utilitarian theories, see cl ten, crime, guilt and punishment 7-37 (1987) 8 the classic retributivist accounts of punishment are immanuel kant, the meta- ever he contrasts a retributive with a. Criminal punishment and the pursuit of justice mike c materni traditionally, deontological justifications, utilitarian justifications, or a mix of the two have been advanced to justify the imposition of punishment upon wrongdoers justice scalia’s answer endorses the retributive function of criminal law: just punishment for moral.
This imperative flows from a view of the very nature of man as a responsible moral agent to whom rewards or punishment should be assessed according to the morality of his choice of behavior on the other hand, there is the teleological, utilitarian view that the only proper justification for punishment is the prevention or reduction of. Chapter 6 – reward and punishment key concepts: reward, punishment, justice, retributive justice, theories of punishment retributive, or deserts, theory for the utilitarian punishment is justified by utilizing justice aims more at social engineering. Nature of current theories of punishment that form the basis of retributive justice following an examination of case studies suggesting the limitations of applying only reason in judgements on punishment, this paper will consider the nature of our moral. Punishment and retribution w g maclagan, ma there are many difficulties connected with the notion of punish- 1 see, however, the concluding section of this discussion 28l philosophy pain can be justified, or again whether punishment can be justified, minant of the nature and amoun of thte punishment, i nos it sro stated, fo.